The economic activities in the region are predominantly agricultural with livestock being of limited importance. Although there is high potential for agricultural development, traditional farming practices and inadequate involvement of women in all aspects of development compounded with other factors have considerably affected the performance of the region’s agricultural production and productivity. Subsequently, abundant rural households have been subjected to food deficit and challenges in feeding their family. Besides agriculture, other means of livelihood are trade and traditional gold-washing in some rivers.
Benishangul-Gumuz region is sub divided in three zones and twenty one woreda administrations i.e. Kemashi zone (5 woredas), Assosa zone (9 woredas) and Metekle zone (7 woredas). Currently the total population of the region is estimated 784,345, consisting of 398,655 men and 385,690 women; urban inhabitants number 105,926 or 13.51% of the population with an estimated area of 50,699k 2 (19,575 sq km) and estimated population density of 15.91 people per square kilometer.
About Benishangul Gumuz
Benishangul-Gumuz (BSG) is located in the north western part of the country created from the western most portion of Gojjam province (the part north of the Abay River), and the north-western portion of Welega Province (the part south of the Abay). Assosa is the regional capital city. The ethnic groups include Berta (25.41%), Amhara (21.69%), Gumuz (20.88%), Oromo (13.55%), Shinasha (7.73%) and Agaw-Awi (4.22%). Main languages are the Berta (25.15%), Amharic (22.46%), Gumuz (20.59%), Oromo (17.69